Uttaranchal, now Uttarakhand, became the 27th state of India on 9th November 2000 when the Centre passed a bill conferring separate status of a state for Uttaranchal. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountain ranges, the geographical area of the state is 53,483 sq km. with approximately 88 per cent of the total area being hilly.
The face of Uttaranchal Politics is changing and with these changes, the state is also undergoing a lot of development. Mr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank is the current chief minister of the Uttarakhand state from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Uttaranchal Politics presents a mix lot of political parties in the state that includes national level parties and regional parties as well. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of strongest national level parties in the state. Other important parties include the Indian National Congress (INC), Samajwadi Party (SP) and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). These parties also have significant presence in Uttaranchal.
Along with the leading national parties, the state also has some dominant state parties like the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal(UKD), which also holds strong presence in the state. Also known as the Uttarakhand Revolution Party, Uttarakhand Kranti Dal is the single most important state level political party at the state.
The state level parties also play a pivotal role in the Politics in Uttaranchal. These local parties also play important role in the formation of coalitions with the major national parties. Besides, the state level parties also perform vital role in raising demands pertaining to the benefit of the state.
So, the Uttaranchal Politics plays a very crucial role in the growth and development of the economy of the state.